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How to File an Indian Patent | Simple Procedure for Indian Patent Filing Online

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A patent is an intellectual property that provides the legal right to the inventors. Here, in iLovePhD you can find out everything you need to know to file an Indian patent. The importance of a patent and the procedure for filing an Indian patent is explained in a detailed way.

What is a Patent?

  • A patent is a constitutional right granted by the government to the inventor for his/her invention.
  • Invention should be a novel product or process involving an inventive step and applicable for industrial application.
  • Invention should be technically advanced as compared to the existing technology and economically significant.
  • Invention must not be claimed or published in India or elsewhere.
  • It is only a territorial right. Patent is not an absolute right. It is subject to few conditions:
    • Government use or on behalf of government
    • Research purpose
    • Teaching purpose
    • Experimental purpose
indian patent filing
Indian Patent Filing

Significance of Patents

  • A treasure house of scientific novel findings
  • Avoids replication and duplication
  • Paves way for further new inventions
  • Identifies state-of –art technologies

What Does a Patent Do?

  • No one can manufacture the product without the inventor’s approval
  • Inventors would be paid royalties
  • Inventors can block competitors
  • Inventors can protect the invention for 20 years
  • After 20 years, invention goes to public domain

What Can Be Patented?

  1. Any new scientific invention or product or apparatus or machinery or process or computer hardware and software.
  2. Any newsubstance either living or non-living product; any composition of matter.
  3. Any novel pharmaceutical product
  4. Any novel chemical processes or products other than biological processes.

What Cannot be Patented?

  1. Inventions falling within the scope of Section (3) of Patents Act, 1970.
  2. Inventions falling within the scope of Section (1) of Sub-section 20 of Atomic Energy Act, 1962.

For Example Inventions related to radio-active compounds namely Uranium, Beryllium, Thorium, Plutonium, Radium, Graphite, Lithium, and more as notified by Central Govt. from time to time.

Also Read

14 Frequently Asked Question about Patent Registration

Advantages and disadvantages of getting a patent

Section (3) of Patents Act, 1970

3(a): Frivolous or anything obviously contrary to well-established natural laws.

3(b): Contrary public order or morality serious prejudice to human, animal or plant life or health or to the environment.

3(c): The mere discovery of a scientific principle or the formulation of an abstract theory or discovery of any living thing or non-living substances occurring in nature.

3(d): The mere discovery of a new form of a known substance that does not result in the enhancement of the known efficacy of that substance.

3(e): A substance obtained by a mere admixture resulting only in the aggregation of the properties of the components thereof or a process for producing such substances.

3(f): The mere arrangement or re-arrangement or duplication of known devices each functioning independently of one another in a known way.

3(g): A method of agriculture or horticulture.

3(h): Any process for the medicinal, surgical, curative, prophylactic, diagnostic, therapeutic, or other treatment of animals to render them free of disease or to increase their economic value or that of their products.

3(i):  Plants & animals in whole or any part thereof other than microorganisms but including seeds, varieties, and species and essentially biological processes for the production or propagation of plants and animals.

3(j): A mathematical or business method or a computer program per se or algorithms.

3(k): A literary, dramatic, musical, or artistic work or any other aesthetic creation.

3(l): mere scheme or rule or method of performing mental act or method of playing the game.

3(m): Topography of integrated circuits.

3(n): An invention which in effect is traditional knowledge or which is an aggregation or duplication of known properties of traditionally known components or components.

Steps Involved in Filing a Patent Application in India

indian patent filing
Indian Patent Filing

Details To Be Furnished in Invention Disclosure Form

  • Title of the invention
  • Contact information of inventors
  • Technical information
    • Novelty of the invention
    • Abstract
    • Background of the invention
    • Existing prior art
    • Drawbacks in prior art & efforts to overcome drawbacks
    • Detailed description of the invention with drawings
    • Industrial application of the invention
    • List of keywords
  • Funding support for the invention
  • Public disclosure
  • Market evaluation (Commercialization value of invention)
  • Information for design patent
  • Information for trademark registration
  • Information for copyright filing
  • Signature of the inventors

Details To Be Furnished in Complete Specification (Form 2)

  • Title of the invention
  • Contact information of inventors
  • Technical information
    • Field of the invention
    • Background of the invention
    • Objectives of the invention
    • Summary of the invention
    • Detailed description of the invention with drawings
    • Definition for the technical terminologies used
    • Claims
      • Most important part in patent
      • Includes dependent and independent claims
    • Abstract of the invention
  • Signature of the inventors

List of Documents Required for Filing a Patent Application in India

  1. Cover letter
  2. Application for grant of patent as in Form 1  
  3. Complete/Provisional specification as in Form 2
  4. Statement and undertaking as in Form 3
  5. Declaration of Inventorship in Form 5
  6. Request for examination: Form 18
  7. Power of attorney in Form 26
  8. Statutory fees (cheque / DD).

The application can be filed either individually or jointly as per IP norms (Section 6 &134)

Hope this article gave you a clear vision on patent filing.

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